Consuming one gram of fish oil daily and including spinach in the diet could help alleviate pain for those with osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis that generally affects the hands, hips, and knees.
In the study published in the journal Rheumatology, the researchers examined the relationship between diet and effective self-management in osteoarthritis.
In analyzing 68 previous studies in the field, they found that low-dose fish oil supplementation (standard one and a half capsules for reduction) can reduce pain and improve cardiovascular health in patients with osteoarthritis.
Essential fatty acids in fish oil reduce inflammation in the joints and help relieve pain, the study said.
It has also been found that increasing foods rich in vitamin K, such as kale, spinach, and parsley, has benefits for patients with osteoarthritis.
Vitamin K is required for vitamin K-dependent (VKD) proteins that are found in bones and cartilage.
Fish oil can help relieve osteoarthritis pain, Pixabay
Inadequate intake of the vitamin impairs the way the protein works, affects bone growth and repair, and increases the risk of osteoarthritis.
“The importance of good nutrition and regular exercise should never be underestimated. Not only does it keep us fit and healthy, but, as we learned from this study, it can also relieve painful symptoms of osteoarthritis, ”said study co-author Margaret Rayman, a professor at the University of Surrey in the UK.
“We are what we eat, and it’s important that we get the right amount of nutrients from our food to make sure our body systems are functioning as they should,” added Rayman.
The researchers also found that losing weight in overweight and obese patients and introducing mobility-tailored exercise could also help alleviate symptoms of osteoarthritis.
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Obesity not only increases the stress on the joints, but it can also lead to mild systemic inflammation of the body, which makes the condition worse.
A reduced calorie diet combined with strength, flexibility and aerobic exercise has been identified as an effective approach to pain relief in overweight patients.
There is no evidence that a reduced-calorie diet is beneficial for lean patients with this condition, the study said. (IANS)